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Declaration of the Independent Catalan Republic – Towards Indyref2…

Declaration of the Independent Catalan Republic

The following is my unofficial translation of the resolution passed in the Catalan Parliament declaring an independent Catalan Republic



Lluís M. Corominas i Díaz, president del Grup Parlamentari de Junts pel Sí, ¡Mar­ ta Rovira i Vergés, portaveu del Grup Parlamentari de Junts pel Sí, Mireia Boya e Busquet, presidenta del Grup Parlamentari de la Candidatura d’Unitat Popular – Crida Constituent, Anna Gabriel i Sabaté, portaveu del Grup Parlamentari de la Candidatura d’Unitat Popular – Crida Constituent, d’acord amb el que establei­ xen els articles 1 51 i 152 del Reglament del Parlament, presenten les següents propostes de resolució subsegüents al Debat general sobre l’aplicació de l’article 155 de la Constitució espanyola a Catalunya i els seus possibles efec­ tes (tram. 255-00004/1 1).



Resolution motion 1

Declaration of the representatives of Catalonia


The deputies of the Parliamentary Groups Junts pel Si and the CUP-Crida Constituent signed the following proclamation on October 10th in the Parliament of Catalonia:




To the people of Catalonia and all the peoples of the world.

The bases of the constitution of the Catalan Republic are justice and intrinsic individual and collective human rights, being irrenunciable foundations which give meaning to the historical legitimacy and the legal and institutional traditions of Catalonia.

The Catalan nation, its language and its culture have a thousand years of history. For centuries, Catalonia has been endowed with and enjoyed its own institutions that have fully exercised self-government, with the Generalitat as the greatest expression of the historic rights of Catalonia. During periods of freedom, Parliamentarism has been the pedestal upon which these institutions have been based, channeled through the Catalan Parliaments and crystalized in the Constitutions of Catalonia.

Having been lost and longed for, today Catalonia restores its full sovereignty after decades of honestly and loyally seeking institutional coexistence with the people of the Iberian Peninsula.

Since the adoption of the Spanish Constitution of 1978, Catalan politics has played a key role with an exemplary, loyal and democratic attitude towards Spain, with a deep sentiment of being part of the State.

The Spanish State has responded to this loyalty with the denial of the recognition of Catalonia as a nation; and has granted limited autonomy, more administrative than political, and in the process of re-centralization; excercising a profoundly unjust economic treatment in addition to linguistic and cultural discrimination.

The Statute of Autonomy, approved by the Catalan Parliament, the Spanish Parliament, and the Catalan citizenry in a referendum, was to be the new stable and lasting framework for bilateral relations between Catalonia and Spain. But it was a political agreement broken by the ruling of the Constitutional Court, engendering new grievances among citizens.

Channeling the demands of a large majority of citizens of Catalonia; the Parliament, the Government and civil society have repeatedly called for the holding of a referendum on self-determination.

Upon finding that the institutions of the State have rejected any negotiation, they have violated the principles of democracy and autonomy, and have ignored the legal mechanisms available in the Constitution. The Generalitat of Catalunya has therefore called for a referendum to exercise the right to self-determination recognized under international law.

The organization and holding of the referendum led to the suspension of self-government in Catalonia and the de facto application of a state of emergency.

The brutal police operation of a military nature and style orchestrated by the Spanish state against Catalan citizens has repeatedly and severely violated their civil and political liberties and principles of Human Rights, and has contravened international agreements signed and ratified by the Spanish state.

Thousands of people have been investigated, detained, tried, questioned and threatened with harsh prison sentences, including hundreds of elected and institutional officials and professionals linked to the the sectors of communications, administration, and civil society.

Spanish institutions, which should remain neutral, protect fundamental rights and arbitrate political conflict, have become part and instrument of these attacks and have left the citizens of Catalonia unprotected.

In spite of the violence and the repression to try to prevent a democratic and peaceful process, the citizens of Catalonia have voted mostly in favor of the constitution of the Catalan Republic.

The constitution of the Catalan Republic is based on the need to protect the freedom, security, and coexistence of all citizens of Catalonia, and to move towards a state based on the rule of law and a democracy of greater quality, and respond to the Spanish State impeding the enforcement of the right of self-determination for peoples.

The people of Catalonia are lovers of law, and respect for the law is and will be a cornerstone of the Republic. The Catalan state will meet and legally comply with all the provisions that make up this declaration and ensure that the legal security and maintenance of the subscribed agreements will be part of the founding spirit of the Catalan Republic.

The constitution of the Republic is a hand extended to dialogue. In honor of the Catalan tradition of the pact, we maintain our commitment to agreements as a way of resolving political conflicts. At the same time, we reaffirm our fraternity and solidarity with the rest of the people of the world and, especially, those with whom we share the language and culture and the Euro-Mediterranean region in defense of individual and collective freedoms.

The Catalan Republic is an opportunity to correct the current democratic and social deficits and build a society which is more prosperous, fairer, more secure, more sustainable and with more solidarity.

By virtue of all that has just been presented, WE, the democratic representatives of the people of Catalonia, in the free exercise of the right of self-determination, and in accordance with the mandate received from the citizens of Catalonia;

CONSTITUTE the Catalan Republic, as an independent and sovereign State based on law, democracy, and social welfare.

ENTER into force the Llei de transitorietat jurídica i fundacional de la República.

INITIATE the constituent process which shall be democratic, citizen-based, transversal, participatory and binding.

AFFIRM the desire to open negotiations with Spain without any preconditions, aimed at establishing a collaborative system for the benefit of both parties. The negotiations shall necessarily be on an equal basis.

INFORM the international community and the authorities of the European Union of the constitution of the Catalan Republic and the proposal for negotiations with Spain.

URGE the international community and the European Union authorities to intervene to stop the continued violation of civil and political rights, and to monitor and oversee the negotiation process with the Spanish State.

EXPRESS the desire to build a European project that reinforces the social and democratic rights of citizens, as well as commiting to continue to apply without the solution of continuity and in a unilateral manner the norms of the legal orders of the European Union, the Spanish State, and the Catalan autonomy that transpose this norm.

AFFIRM that Catalonia has the unequivocal desire to integrate into the international community as quickly as possible. The new State agrees to respect the international obligations that are currently applied in its territory and continue to adhere to the international treaties to which the Kingdom of Spain is signator.

APPEAL to all States and international organizations to recognize the Catalan Republic as an independent and sovereign State.

URGE the Government of the Generalitat to adopt the measures necessary to fully enact this Declaration of independence and the provisions of the Llei de transitorietat jurídica i fundacional de la República.

CALL on all and each of the citizens of the Catalan Republic to make us worthy of the freedom that we have granted ourselves and to build a State that translates collective aspirations into action and conduct.

ASSUME the mandate of the people of Catalonia expressed in the Referendum on Self-Determination of the 1 October, declaring that Catalonia has become an independent state in the form of a Republic.


The Parliament of Catalonia expresses its rejection of the agreement of the Council of Ministers of the Spanish State proposing to the Senate of the Spanish State measures to specify what can be provided for in article 155 of the Spanish Constitution. The proposed measures, apart from the current legal status, entail the elimination of the self-government of Catalonia. They also place the Government of Spain as a substitute for the Government of the Generalitat and censor the Parliament of Catalonia. Not only can this measure not be accepted, but it is an attack on democracy unprecedented in the last 40 years.

We have offered negotiation and dialogue and were responded to with article 155 of the Constitution and the elimination of self-government: the response has been of a political force similar to the use of force on October 1.

Parliament agrees, to urge the Government to dictate all the necessary resolutions for the development of the Llei de transitorietat jurídica I fundacional de la República, specifically:

  • To promulgate the Decrees necessary to provide the administrative services in terms of personnel and material necessary for the issuance to the citizens of the documents accrediting Catalan nationality.
  • To establish the regulation of the procedure for the acquisition of Catalan nationality, based on provisions set forth in article 8 and the second final provision.
  • To promote the signing of a treaty over dual nationality with the government of the Kingdom of Spain, in accordance with article 9.
  • To dictate, in accordance with article 12.1, the necessary provisions for the adaptation, modification and inapplication of the local, autonomic and state law valid before the entry into force of the Llei de transitorietat jurídica I fundacional de la República.
  • To dictate, based on the provisions of article 12.3, the precise Decrees for the recovery and effectiveness of the rules prior to the succession of legal regulations, annulled or suspended for reasons of jurisdiction by the Constitutional Court and other courts, paying special attention to all those tax regulators and the three tax figures, as well as those that develop tools for the fight against poverty and social inequality.
  • To promote, before all states and institutions, the recognition of the Catalan Republic.
  • To establish by the corresponding procedure and in accordance with the provisions of article 15 the relationship with international treaties that must remain valid, and that of those that should be rendered inapplicable.
  • To establish, in accordance with article 17, the system of integration, to the Administration of the Generalitat de Catalunya, with the express renunciation of them; of all civil servants, staff of the Spanish state, who have been serving the general administration of Catalonia, the local administration of Catalonia, the Catalan universities, the administration of justice, the institutional administration of the state in Catalonia, or civil servants, staff of the Spanish state, of Catalan nationality, who provide their services outside of Catalonia.
  • To inform the Parliament about the relationship of contracts, agreements that are subject to subrogation by the Catalan Republic, in accordance with the provisions of article 19.
  • To promote an agreement with the Spainish state for the integration of personnel and the subrogation of contracts treated in sections IV and V, in accordance with what is provided in article 20.
  • To agree on that which shall be precedent, and how to adopt the necessary measures for the exercise of fiscal, social security, cadastral and customs authority in accordance with the provisions of articles 80, 81, 82 and 83, establishing, if necessary, the transfer periods between administrations necessary for a sufficient public service.
  • To promote the actions and legislative measures necessary for the creation of a public development bank in the service of the productive economy.
  • To promote the actions and legislative measures necessary for the creation of the Bank of Catalonia, with the functions of a central bank, which seeks to ensure the stability of the financial system.
  • To promote the actions and legislative measures necessary for the creation of additional regulatory authorities, with functions that are inherent in them.
  • To open a period of negotiations with the Spanish State, in accordance with the provisions of article 82, to determine through agreement, if applicable, the extent of the succession of the Catalan state, and economic and financial rights and obligations assumed by the Kingdom of Spain.
  • To prepare an inventory of the property of Spain, located in the national territory of Catalonia, in order to make the succession of its ownership by the Catalan state effective, in accordance with the provisions of the article 20.
  • To prepare a proposal for distribution of assets and liabilities between the Kingdom of Spain and the Republic of Catalonia, based on internationally standardized criteria, opening a negotiation period between the representatives of both states, and if applicable, the agreement reached being subject to the approval of the Parliament of Catalonia.


The Parliament shall open an investigation to determine the responsabilities of the Government of Spain, its institutions and bodies over on the commission of crimes related to the violation of fundamental, individual and collective rights to prevent the exercise of the right of the people of Catalonia to vote on October 1.

This investigative committee shall be composed of members of the parliamentary groups, experts from the national and international sphere, the Anti-Fraud Office, the Sindicatura de Greuges and the Catalan Ombudsman, and representatives of human rights defense organizations, ensuring that they are represented by international organizations.

Resolution Proposal 2

Constituent process

The Parliament of Catalonia agrees:

To declare the initiation and the opening of the constituent process.

The Government of the Generalitat is urged to:

  1. Immediately activate all human, public, and social resources, as well as material resources at its disposal, to make effective the democratic constituent process, which shall be a citizen-based, transversal, participatory and binding process, which must culminate with the drafting and approval of the constitution of the Republic by the Parliament constituted in the Constituent Assembly following constituent elections.
  2. Constitute within fifteen days the Advisory Council of the constituent process to advise in the deliberative constituent phase led by organized civil society.
  3. Convene, disseminate and execute the decisional phase of the constituent process, collecting the proposals systematized in the Constitutional Social Forum, submitting them to citizen consultation, which will constitute a binding mandate for Parliament constituted in the Constituent Assembly following constituent elections.
  4. Convoke constituent elections once all the phases of the constituent process have been completed.


Encourage all civic and social agents so that within a month, they constitute the promotional platform of the constituent process or the national Pact for the constituent process.

Constitute, within a period of fifteen days, the parliamentary Committee to oversee the constituent process, in order to protect it, that it does not interfere in the task of the promoter platform, guaranteeing the dissemination of its work as well as the fulfillment of the semester term legally defined for its development and conclusions.

Encourage city councils to promote constituent debates on a local level by promoting the participation of civil society, facilitating the resources and spaces necessary for the correct development of citizen debate.


Palau del Parlament, 27 d’octubre de 2017

Lluís M. Corominas lÉíaz President del GE4S^

Marta Rovira i Vergés Portaveu del GPJS

Mireia Boya e Busquet Presidenta del GP CUP-CC

Anna Gabriel i Sabaté Portaveu del GP CUP-CC


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21 thoughts on “Declaration of the Independent Catalan Republic

  1. Dan Huil

    Stand by for attacks against these nasty Catalonian separatists by the British nationalist media, especially the bbc.

  2. Clydebuilt

    Thanks for the translation Mark, quite an effort!

    Good Luck to Catalonia. And their Leaders.

    We should grow links with Catalonia, whatever the outcome.

    1. Jason Smoothpiece

      I think you are right, we should support where we can holidays and any goods produced by Catalonia.

      At the same time boycotting Spanish goods and businesses if they continue to behave like fascists.

      1. Helena

        I have often checked where produce I buy comes from, and quite a bit comes from Spain. However I have never seen anything that says Catalonia on it. It crossed my mind that in fact if I buy something and it says, ‘Spain’ on it, it may be from Catalonia? A bit like when a product says, ‘UK’, on it, but can be from Scotland in fact. We do have products which distinguish, but not all and I notice more produce saying ‘UK’ now rather than England, or Scotland.

        As if we are all a big (Scotland too wee though) happy family, better together! Even saw some veg with a Yorkshire ‘flag’ on it other day! Bizarre. It looks abit like the Labour party logo!

        So, how do we know if we are buying Catalan goods, or rSpain goods? Will keep looking!

        Good luck to Catalonia, may their quest for self determination, be peaceful and successful. Fingers crossed, but not holding my breath. 🙁

    2. Mark McNaught Post author

      I’m working on developing links between Scotland. This is my life’s purpose at the moment, and it is progressing.

  3. Simon

    Below is a very small sample of comments taken from a bbc article on ‘the Catalonia Crisis’ it’s incredible how many of the comments relate to Scotland. There really is a multitude of ugly minds out there! I hope reading doesn’t make you sick to the stomach like it does me.

    Wish you all the very best!!

    Unity or death. Separatists are traitors sponsored by Russians. All must hang.

    I don’t think anyone’s afraid of Scottish Indy – much more laughing these days

    don’t particularly care about Spain or Catalonia…but I do care about living in a country (Scotland) which is governed by a minority government which is hell bent on taking us through independence, irrespective of the consequences to me and my family.

    IRA Sinn Fein, a smattering of Socialists, SNP & a Nationalist Separatist sock puppet called Wee Jock McPlop the toilet cleaner from Dundee.

    The Scottish Nationalist Socialists are going completely bonkers on Twitter. “Declare UDI NOW”. “Why can’t Scotland be like Matalan”. “Scotland next”, etc…..

    The fact is that Nippy’s in a pile of mierda of her own making.

    It’s utterly hilarious.

  4. 100%yes

    Let’s be honest do any of us believe the British state would have aloud Scotland to be Independent even if we had won in 2014. Looking at what has happened over the last few weeks with the Catalan referendum and the European union reaction to the vote, it’s funny how the EU want’s to protect the EU citizens rights living in the UK but not in Catalan. I wonder is it worth joining another Union after we leave the present one.

  5. Jim Hagart

    There’s another translation on the Wee Ginger Dug blog if you want to quibble about any of the contents or check your understanding.

    I don’t read Spanish but I think from one tweet I read four countries seem to have recognised Catalonia (not including Scottish Govt who have expressed an opinion but have no legal say in matter). It may however simply be a listing of individuals who support an independent republic. We shall know shortly how much progress is being made with recogntion and what action(s) the Spanish government are prepared to take to curtail the inependence process. Let’s hope it all remains peaceful.

    1. Phil Orchard

      I believe the Minister-President of the Flemish Region, the President of the Corsican Assembly and a Scottish govt spokesperson have made friendly noises towards their fellow secessionists. But none have actually extended recognition, perhaps because they simply don’t have the legal authority to do so, any more than Carles Puigdemont has authority for what he has done.

  6. Alan Johnson

    How serious are the SNP about achieving independence? Potentially his will be a litmus test.
    The Scottish “Independence Movement” (sensu lato) needs to come off the wall, come out of the closet, declare their hand openly and unequivocally, and support our comrades in Catalonia fully and unconditionally! No more pussy-footing about! And since the EU clearly won’t defend Catalonia, this key issue should go to te the United Nations. And Scotland should see this as a turning point, and an opportunity to declare its hand. Be in no doubt, when Scottish independence comes nearer to being a reality, we will face exactly the same challenges from the Westminster government, as “100% Yes” rightly implies.

  7. William Ross

    Though not without trepidation, I am in support of Catalan independence. This is a mammoth test for Catalonia, Spain, the EU and yes, Scotland and her Government.

    Lesley Riddoch finally penned a well- thought out and realistic piece on Catalonia for the The National yesterday. She wrote before the independence declaration. Her ( well made) point, is that Catalonia was never allowed to have the “gold standard” independence referendum that we had here in 2014. The result was that Barcelona finally lost patience and held the quasi-legal poll of two weeks ago which attracted a large YES vote on a turnout of less than 50%. Some of this was down to a “Unionist” boycott and some down to the terror caused by the Guardia Civil. Given Madrid`s unflinching stance, there does not seem to be any possibility of having a proper legal referendum, which would be a contest that YES might lose.

    David Cameron`s approach was much more sensible. On constitutional matters the people must decide. That principle, of course, applies to Brexit just as much as to Indy. You have to live with the result.

    I am afraid that it will get nasty. Will Madrid take over physically? Are they willing to shed blood? Will autonomist Barcelona be able to function to any degree? We will soon find out.

    The EU will try to ignore the problem. To be clear, they do not have the power to concretely intervene in any event. But if the much vaunted “rights” of EU citizens have any meaning, they must at least demand that human rights abuses cease and negotiation begin. I doubt they will do anything. They are always on the side of the big, the powerful and the establishment.

    But by the same token, the UK cannot remain aloof and should try to highlight abuses and demand negotiation. Its not enough to do nothing and hope that silence will help in Brexit negotiations. We may be leaving the EU but we are not leaving Europe?

    The SNP are, for once, handling this appropriately. They do not have the power to “recognise” Catalonia but Sturgeon did issue a positive statement respecting the decision of Barcelona. The whole YES movement surely backs Catalonia.

  8. William Ross


    Brexit was brought about by way of a fair and free referendum that was decades overdue.

    This is just the type of referendum that Madrid has rejected in Catalonia. It war comes we know who to blame.


    1. Sam

      Brexit was brought about after a decades long anti EU campaign by the right wing media. Finished off by a referendum campaign based on out right lies by the Leave side.

      With Britain out of the EU. A European war moves one step closer.

  9. William Ross


    Vote Leave certainly told lies but nothing like that of Remain.

    NATO is still here and with that there will be no European war.


    1. Clydebuilt


      “if war comes we know just who to blame”. Who have you got in mind? . . .

      What lies are you pointing to that Remain told during the campaign?

  10. William Ross


    You were the one who raised the phantom of a war, seemingly, being induced by Brexiteers.
    In fact, this is a pipe-dream because NATO provides the security of Europe. However, a “dirty” civil war might break out in Spain. I very sincerely hope not. The point is, the Brexit movement is not war inducing.

    What lies did Remain tell during the campaign? They trumpeted that the EU had kept the peace in Europe. A total lie. European peace comes 1945, the Marshall Plan and NATO. The EU is a “project” or “gathering” and don`t worry about the Constitution. A total lie, the EU is a “weak confederation” in the words of Guy Verhofstadt. In other words it is a country. The EU generously funds all kinds of important things for us so we should be grateful. A total lie. The UK is a huge net contributor to the EU. ( Why do you think that the EU`s main negotiating concern is the ” divorce bill”?) EU institutions are democratic in nature. A total lie. The EU is incapable of being democratic because it does not represent a people. It is not a demos. Instead Brussels is the heart of huge unaccountable bureaucratic power. Has Juncker democratic legitimacy of any sort? Read Varoufakis`s book. If we leave the EU we would totally lose the ability to trade with it. A total lie,. The EU Treaties were just treaties like any other treaties such as the Law of the Sea Treaty. Lies. The EU is a country, that why it is so hard to leave…. The rights of “EU citizens” are meaningful. Lies, see Barcelona.

    Then what about the Project Fear lies? Upon Brexit, there would be a collapse in the FTSE, a collapse in the London property market, an immediate recession, the loss of half a million jobs, the “punishment budget” the end of civilization ( Donald Tusk) the beginning of the Third World War ( David Cameron). We would be at the end of the queue in negotiating an FTA with the USA. Wasn`t Obama`s visit absolutely the lowest, most abject moment? I think he won it for Leave!

    As a life-long nationalist, who is proud of being a nationalist, I came to loathe Project Fear during our referendum in 2014. In 2016 it was so odd to see life-long comrades suddenly turn to start supporting institutions like the IMF ( the people who kicking Greece to pieces), and the EU who had been soooooooo helpful to uppity little countries like Scotland and Catalonia.

    So that’s what I think of Remain, Clydebuilt.


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